In women, the menstrual cycle is a complicated biological process that is vital for reproductive health. Women need to know a lot about their menstrual cycle and PMS (premenstrual syndrome) so they can take care of their symptoms and stay healthy.
What is the typical menstrual cycle duration? How long is a typical period?
A menstrual cycle typically lasts 28 days. A cycle, however, might last anywhere between 21 and 35 days and still be considered normal. Most people bleed for three to seven days throughout their period.
What are the phases of the menstrual cycle?
The follicular phase, ovulation, and luteal phases make up the menstrual cycle, which is typically 28 days long.
- The body produces hormones during the follicular phase to stimulate the growth of an egg in the ovary as it gets ready for ovulation.
- The release of the egg from the ovary and its journey via the fallopian tube to the place where the sperm can fertilise it is known as ovulation.
- If the egg is not fertilised, the body enters the luteal phase, where hormone levels drop and the uterine lining sheds, beginning the menstrual cycle.
PMS (Premenstrual syndrome)
Premenstrual syndrome, or PMS, is a group of symptoms that some women have before their period starts.
- Mood swings
- Cramps and
- Sore breasts are typical symptoms.
Even though no one knows for sure what causes PMS, it is thought that changes in hormone levels during a woman’s menstrual cycle are to blame.
Women can make a number of lifestyle adjustments, including eating a healthy, balanced diet, exercising frequently, and getting enough sleep, to help control PMS symptoms.
Additionally, they can experiment with over-the-counter painkillers to get rid of cramps and headaches. In some circumstances, the use of prescription drugs or herbal supplements to treat symptoms may also be advised.
Miracle Hospitals often provide complete care for menstruation and PMS (premenstrual syndrome) problems. At a Miracle Hospital, our trained medical staff can give you a diagnosis, a plan for treatment, and any necessary medical procedures, like hormone replacement therapy or surgery. In cases that are severe, we provide treatments for the management of pain, as well as counselling and psychiatric assistance.